Archaeological inference based on ethnographic analogy may or may not be correct. What is worse, there is no systematic way to tell. With certain provisos, it is better to generate archaeological inference from the results of worldwide cross-cultural tests of relational hypotheses. Such tests may provide more benefits than within-region comparisons. This paper discusses a number of ways in which worldwide cross-cultural research may be used in archaeological inference, including: generalizing about societal types, inferring from presumed causes, inferring from material correlates, and inferring from noncausal associations. The paper concludes with a discussion of how comparative archaeology could help cross-cultural researchers test causal theories diachronically. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Archaeologists use many different techniques to determine the age of a particular artifact, site, or part of a site. Two broad categories of dating or chronometric techniques that archaeologists use are called relative and absolute dating. Stratigraphy is the oldest of the relative dating methods that archaeologists use to date things. Stratigraphy is based on the law of superposition–like a layer cake, the lowest layers must have been formed first.
In other words, artifacts found in the upper layers of a site will have been deposited more recently than those found in the lower layers.
Theoretical Challenges of Indigenous Archaeology: Setting an Agenda – Volume 81 Issue 1 In Cross-Cultural Collaboration, edited by Jordan E. Kerber, pp.
The VIDI research project aims to provide a new archaeological approach to the material culture of the Byzantine to Ottoman periods in the eastern Mediterranean and the Near East from ca. How were these Byzantines wining and dining outside their capital Constantinople? And what did the Crusaders leave in Greek lands other than board games, fortifications and broken cooking pots?
The project also investigates relations and contacts between both empires with the Medieval West Italy and the Arab-Islamic East. The research project sets out from the notion that the material culture of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires offers crucial information for our understanding of these societies, which by their interaction with the West played such a vital role in the formation of Early Modern Europe.
However, at this moment both Byzantine and Ottoman archaeology still require an up-to-date typo-chronological framework as well as a solid social and historical perspective. The purpose of this VIDI-Project is to make a major contribution to Byzantine and Ottoman archaeology, to shed light on the dynamics of material culture and daily life in the Eastern Mediterranean from Late Antiquity to the Modern era the period from the 7th to the 20th centuries and to provide new insights which are unobtainable through written sources alone.
The historical information and archaeological material of each site pose different sets of questions. For example, in the case of Butrint and Tarsus that stood in the frontier of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires, we explore interaction across frontiers as well as the political, economic, cultural and symbolic aspects of those frontiers. In the case of Athens, the numerous Medieval and Post-Medieval houses and graves excavated in the Athenian Agora, allow us to study everyday life, diet, economic activities and social processes through household and mortuary archaeology.
So, archaeology is used to obtain more knowledge on historical developments, on social changes as well as on cultural continuity and discontinuity in the period between the 7th and 20th centuries.
See How to read course descriptions for information about the formatting used. Various films, ranging from the s to the present, are viewed, discussed and critiqued. The foci of inquiry are on how archaeology is portrayed in visual media through time, and how media have affected archaeology, the human past and popular culture.
The romanticized image of archaeology will be compared with scientific realities, specifically the nature of archaeological data, theory, field methods and analytical techniques.
Cross-cultural approaches have been used widely in archaeological research. Comparative ethnology Before chronometric dating, such comparisons served.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Add Social Profiles Facebook, Twitter, etc. Unfollow Follow Unblock. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology Many ideas about post-marital residence rules in the society of the first farmers in the European temperate zone Linear Pottery Culture, ca.
Anthropology (ANTH) Courses
The conference was entitled “Household Archaeology: production, ideology and social inequality” and was organized by Claude Chapdelaine and Adrian Burke. The primary focus of the conference was the comparison of the archaeological record of Iroquoian longhouses from northeastern North America with Neolithic houses from Western Europe. One additional paper that was not presented orally at the conference is included in this issue Halperin and Foias in order to expand the geographic coverage on households to Mesoamerica.
One of the four main research axes or themes of our As 2 research team is the archaeology of households; specifically, the social organization of Iroquoian households during the period from to CE.
Archaeological kinship analysis therefore depends upon cross-cultural factual cor- Furthermore, through chronological assignments using dating tech- niques.
Interest in translation has grown owing to global changes. Translation, nowadays, signifies interchange between cultures. Translation is a communicative activity that involves the transfer of information across linguistic boundaries. Translation has a sociocultural context. The development of translation studies as an independent field has not been a linear process, and today there are a number of approaches to the study of translation and the training of translators.
The two most significant lines of development have been descriptive translation studies and Skopos theory respectively. The functional approach of Skopos theorists has been useful, and there are huge developments in machine translation, but the task of mediation between cultures, involving negotiating understanding between global and local systems, still requires human agency.
Keywords: interchange , linguistic boundaries , cultural translation , descriptive translator studies , Skopos theory , mediation. She has written extensively on translation, intercultural communication, comparative and world literature, including Translation in Global News, with Esperance Bielsa and an edited volume on translation and political discourse with Christina Schaeffner Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
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Archaeological Dating: Stratigraphy and Seriation
A graduate course offered by the School of Archaeology and Anthropology. Anthropology is uniquely situated to look into concepts and theories of gender, sex and sexuality through its concern with the culturally-specific character of human categories and practices. Topics explored include: the saliency of the categories man and woman; the relationships between race and gender; the role of colonialism and neocolonialism in the representation of gender, sex and sexuality; the usefulness of the notion of oppression; the relationship between cultural conceptions of personhood and cultural conceptions of gender; and the ethnocentricity of the concepts of gender, sex and sexuality themselves.
To assist these explorations we will make use of cross-cultural case studies in a number of areas including rape, prostitution, work and domesticity, the third sex and homosexuality. Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:.
University of Hradec Králové, Deapartment of Archaeology, Graduate Student. add Hrnčíř, V. – Květina, P. Archaeology of Slavery From Cross-Cultural.
Elliot M. MidContinental Journal of Archaeology The Journal of Ohio Archaeology , Paul E. Patton, Elliot M. Abrams, and AnnCorinne Freter. Hicks, John J. Pennsylvania Archaeologist Peoples, Nicole, Elliot M. Spertzel, Stacy, Elliot M. Elliot Abrams and AnnCorinne Freter editors. Ohio University Press, Athens, Abrams and AnnCorinne Freter. Ohio University Press, Athens, ,
Dating in Archaeology
Patrick E. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Anthropology. His academic background combined the physical sciences, archaeology, and history—an A.
Cross-cultural approaches have been used widely in archaeological research. Comparative To date one set of data using the Outline of Archaeological.
Marika Zeimbekis Email: marika. More subject resources. Kanopy – a ward-winning documentaries, classic and indie films. New York Times Archive – c overage from to four years ago. Anthropology and archaeology Your subject librarian Marika Zeimbekis Email: marika. Contact us if you would like some advice. AnthroSource – provides access to over years of anthropological material published by the American Anthropological Association AAA. The annually-growing eHRAF database is unique in that the information is organized into cultures and ethnic groups and the full-text sources are subject-indexed at the paragraph level.
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